Category Archives: Events in 2006

4.12.2006 Keskustelutilaisuus: Kansainvälisen oikeuden fragmentaatio

Yhdistyksen syyskokouksessa yhdistyksen hallituksen puheenjohtaja Anja Lindroos alusti aiheesta ”Kansainvälisen oikeuden fragmentaatio.” Vuonna 2000 YK:n kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta (International Law Commission, ILC) valitsi kansainvälisen oikeuden fragmentoitumisen yhdeksi viisivuotiskautensa prioriteettiaiheista. Professori Martti Koskenniemi valittiin jatkamaan ILC:n fragmentaatio-työryhmän puheenjohtajana Bruno Simman jälkeen 2003. Viime kesänä valmistui Koskenniemen johdolla työryhmän mittava loppuraportti, joka käsittelee fragmentaatiota niin teoreettisesta kuin konkreettisesta näkökulmasta. Raporttiin liitettiin myös eräänlaiset suositukset siitä, miten normatiivisia konflikteja voisi ratkaista. Koskenniemen kautta Suomi oli siten mukana keskeisessä kansainvälisen oikeuden pilottiprojektissa. Anja Lindroos toimi Koskenniemen tutkimusavustajana ja osallistui ILC:n kokouksiin. Hän kertoi ILC:n fragementaatio-projektista sekä ILC:n työskentelytavoista.

29-30.9.2006 Conference: Europe as Polity – Chasing Constitutionalism

The Conference Europe as a Polity: Chasing Constitutionalism was held from Friday the 29th to Saturday the 30th of September 2006 at the Auditorium of the Arppeanum building (University museum), Snellmaninkatu 3. The Conference was jointly organised by the Institute of International Economic Law, the Ius Gentium Association, the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights, the Centre of Excellence in Global Governance Research, and the Europe as a Polity Research Project.

Synopsis

Interdisciplinary approaches to constitutionalism: perspectives of European law, International law and Legal theory. Constitutionalism – a trendy debate? What does it really mean in these different contexts and what do we expect from it? Looking for different approaches and solutions to the dilemma of constitutionalism.

Programme

Friday, 29 September, 10:00–17:30

Peter Pan Europe, European Constitutionalism at a Crossroads
Joxerramon Bengoetxea, Professor (Oñati, Spain)

Europe as a Demoi-cratic Polity
Samantha Besson, Professor (Fribourg, Switzerland)

The Idea of Constitutionalism in International Law and its Critics
Bardo Fassbender, Associate Professor (Berlin, Germany)

Passion and Reason in European Integration
Miguel Maduro, Advocate General (ECJ), Professor (Lisbon, Portugal)

Constitutionalism on the National and Trans-national Level
Kaarlo Tuori, Professor (Helsinki, Finland)

Saturday, 30 September, 10:00–12:00:

Panel Discussion: What do We Expect from Constitutionalism?

The organisers thank the Academy of Finland, the European Commission, and Suomen oikeusfilosofinen yhdistys SOFY ry for additional funding.

20.9.2006 Discussion: Human Rights and the Market for Force: An Incompatible Combination or a Manageable Challenge?

Keskustelutilaisuudessa Erik Castrén Instituutin tutkija Katja Creutz (ent. Nieminen) alusti aiheesta: Human Rights and the Market for Force: An Incompatible Combination or A Manageable Challenge?

Security – and even warfare – has increasingly become a market commodity which thousands of private security and military companies thrive on. These companies operating on the international market sell their services to states, international organizations, multinational companies or whoever is willing to pay for security, e.g. in Iraq. When we learn about abuses committed by private contractors e.g. in Abu Ghraib prison, several questions arise: what exactly are private military companies and how do they work? Do they pose a real, substantive threat to human rights? How do we get them to respect human rights? Who is responsible when abuses occur?

29.3.2006 Panel Discussion: Shadows of Globalization: Modern Forms of Slavery

Synopsis

Human trafficking is a topical problem, which relates closely to immigration, poverty, unemployment, persecution, wars, and other conflicts. It involves elements of force, coercion, and sexual or economical exploitation of human beings. It is a complex problem which is difficult to define. What exactly can be determined as human trafficking? What kind of mechanism should be introduced to deter it? Are the prevailing border-control centered countermeasures able to address the complexities of victimization? Why is it so difficult to identify victims of this modern form of slavery?

Panellists

  • Ilkka Herranen, Major, The Border Guard of Finland
  • Lucy Laitinen, Project Development Officer, International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • Merja Pentikäinen, Researcher, University of Lapland
  • Venla Pirssinen, Researcher, Universities of Turku and Helsinki