29.3.2006 Panel Discussion: Shadows of Globalization: Modern Forms of Slavery


Human trafficking is a topical problem, which relates closely to immigration, poverty, unemployment, persecution, wars, and other conflicts. It involves elements of force, coercion, and sexual or economical exploitation of human beings. It is a complex problem which is difficult to define. What exactly can be determined as human trafficking? What kind of mechanism should be introduced to deter it? Are the prevailing border-control centered countermeasures able to address the complexities of victimization? Why is it so difficult to identify victims of this modern form of slavery?


  • Ilkka Herranen, Major, The Border Guard of Finland
  • Lucy Laitinen, Project Development Officer, International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • Merja Pentikäinen, Researcher, University of Lapland
  • Venla Pirssinen, Researcher, Universities of Turku and Helsinki