14.11.2007 Seminar: Nord Stream Pipeline Project.

While the pipeline will have clear positive effects on the European energy markets,
promoting environmentally friendly energy production by natural gas and reducing the
dependency on transit countries, it has also created a vivid discussion concentrating on
its negative effects on Europe – the worsening geopolitics and security of supply, and
the relationship between environmental and energy policy being among the most debated
issues. Possible legal problems also include the applicability and application of
EU energy and environmental legislation, the environmental protection treaties in effect
within the Baltic Sea region, as well as state sovereignty when it comes to the use of
the state territory.

16:30-18:00 I Panel: Energy Security and Geopolitics

Chair: Kim Talus, Researcher, Institute of International Economic Law, University of Helsinki


  • Sebastian Sass, Permitting Manager – Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Nord Stream
  • Danila Bochkarev, Project Coordinator for Energy Security, EastWest Institute, Global Security Program
  • Andres Kasekamp, Professor of Baltic Politics, University of Tartu, and Director, Estonian Foreign Policy Institute, Estonia

18:00-18: 15 Coffee

18.15-20.00 “Panel: Relationship between Environmental and Energy Policy

Chair: Eriika Melkas, Assistant Professor [Acting], University of Turku

  • Seija Rantakallio, Ministry of the Environment, Finland
  • Teija Miller, Government Secretary (Legal Affairs), Ministry of Trade and Industry, Finland
  • Jari Luukkonen, Marine Programme, WWF Finland

The seminar was organised by the Ius Gentium Association, Institute of International Economic Law (KA TTI), and Energy Law Research Forum, and sponsored by Fortum Foundation, Peltonen, Ruokonen & Itiiinen, Attorneys-at Law Ltd., Wiirtsilii Corporation, Gasum Corporation and “Europe as a Polity” Project.